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重庆市职称英语考试复习试题_词汇答案

04-08 01:39:11| http://www.ertong6.com |教师资料|人气:632
重庆市职称英语考试复习试题_词汇答案教师资料,

答案与题解:

词汇学习1:

1.C  call或call up:打电话。phone或phone up:打电话。又如:Did Mary phone me(up) last night?昨晚玛丽给我打电话了吗?contact:接触。I regularly contact her.我经常跟她接触。consult:商量。I often consult him about my research work.我经常跟他商量我的研究工作。visit:拜访。如:Mary visited me last night.昨晚玛丽来看了我。

2.C  space:空间。room:空间。又如:I'd like to bring the child with me if there is room in the car.chance:机会。Everyone has a chance to go to school.每个人都有上学的机会。employment:就业;职业。opportunity:机会。The government has been trying hard to provide adequate employment opportunities.政府为提供充分的就业机会而竭尽全力。

3.B  at once:马上。immediately:马上。又如:It’s getting late.We must go back home immediately.越来越晚了,我们得马上回家。soon:很快。We’11 have lunch soon.我们很快就要吃中饭了。now:现在。If we leave now we’ll be there before dark. 如果我们现在就离开,我们在天黑前就到那里了。early:早。Mary gets up very early.玛丽起得很早。

4.A  identify:认出。name:认出;说出。又如:The light is too dim for me to identify her.光线太暗,无法认出她来。Can you name these flowers?你能说得出这些花名吗? distinguish:区分。There is not much to distinguish her from the other candidates.很难把她与其他的候选人区别开来。capture:抓住。The policemen have captured the rebel reader.警察已经抓住了叛乱分子的头目。separate:分开来。It is not always possible to separate cause from effect.并不总是能把原因与结果分开了的。

5.A  occur:发生。happen:发生。又如:His death occurred the following year.他次年就死了。I can remember the whole thing as if it happened yesterday.我记得整个事情如同发生在昨天一样。break:碎;断。break out:突然发生。The economic crisis broke out first in the US.经济危机首先在美国发生。appear:出现。A smile gradually appeared on her face.微笑逐渐浮现在她的脸上。

6.D  complete:完成。finish:完成。又如:The scientists have completed their investigation.科学家已经完成了调查。The students have done their homework.学生已经做完了作业。He worked very hard to achieve a balanced budget.为达到收支平衡他玩命。Their working conditions have to be improved.他们的工作条件需要改善。

7.C  eventually:最终。finally:最终。又如:It was a long journey, but we eventually arrived.路程很长,不过,我们最终还是到达了。She finally gained control of her husband.她最终控制住了她的丈夫。apparently:很明显。如:Apparently you’re sick.很显然你病了。naturally:自然地。She can speak English very naturally.她说英语说得很自然。

8.A  conversation:谈话。talk:谈话:报告。又如:We had a very long telephone conversation yesterday. 昨天我们在电话里说得很多。She gave us a talk about Chinese culture.她给我们做了一个关于中国文化的报告。speech:谈话;讲演。The expert delivered a speech at the meeting held yesterday.那位专家在昨天的会上做了讲演。debate:辩论。The cause of global warming is still open to debate.全球变暖的原因仍然可以讨论。discussion:讨论。Did you participate in the discussion?你参加讨论了吗?

9.A  attend:参加。go to:参加。又如:We all attended the conference on globalization.我们都去参加了关于全球化的大会。We’ll go to her birthday party tomorrow.我们明天去参加她的生日聚会。prepare for:做准备。Will you help me prepare for the wedding ceremony?你能帮我准备婚礼仪式

www.ertong6.com 吗?speak to:跟…说话;给…作报告。You must speak to him.He doesn’t listen to me.你得跟他谈谈了,他不听我的。do to:为……做事。What did you do to her?你为她做了些什么?

10.D  make up one’s mind:打定主意,决心。decide:决定。又如:Susan has made up her mind that,come what may,she will stay with John.苏珊决心已下,不管发生什么,都将跟约翰在一起。He decided not to do that.他决定不干那件事。try:设法。We are all trying to improve our English.我们正设法提高我们的英语水平。attempt:试图。We attempted to quit smoking,but failed.我们试图戒烟,但没有成功。agree:同意。The might not agree with her opinion.他们可能不同意她的意见。

11.A  account:考虑。consideration:考虑。又如:These figures do not take into account changes in the rate of inflation.这些数字并没有把通货膨胀率的变化考虑在内。The Department of Human Resources will take into consideration your teaching experience when deciding your salary.人事处在决定你的工资时是会考虑你的教学经验的。calculation:计算。Susan looked at the bill and made some rapid calculations.苏珊看了一下账单,很快算了算。computation:计算。He is good at computation.他计算能力很好。assessment:估计。What’s your assessment of the situation in Iraq?你对伊拉克的形势是怎么估计的?

12.A  put up with:忍耐。tolerate:忍耐。又如:I don’t know how you put up with their constant quarrelling.他们经常吵架,我不知道你是怎么忍得住的。The workers cannot tolerate the long hours.工人无法忍受长时间的工作。accept:接受。Will you accept our invitation?你会接受我们的邀请吗?swallow:吞下。Her excuse was obviously a lie,but Jack swallowed it whole.她的理由明显是在说谎,但是杰克全盘接受。take:拿;取。You can take anything you like.喜欢的东西你随便拿。

13.B  give up:放弃。abandon:放弃。Mary has given up the hope of ever marrying.玛丽已经放弃了结婚的希望。Fearing further attacks,most of the population had abandoned the city.害怕城市进一步受到攻击,大多数人已经离开。end:结束。The government acted to end a bakers’ strike in the city.政府采取行动结束了城里面包师傅的罢工。build:建立;加强。Tension is building between the two nations.两国之间的紧张关系正在上升。strengthen:加强。0ur friendship has steadily strengthened over the years.几年来我们的友谊有了持续的增进。

14.A  seldom:很少。rarely:很少。又如:She seldom wears black shoes.她很少穿黑鞋。She rarely eats pork.她很少吃肉。frequently:常常。The weak child falls sick frequently.这个瘦小的孩子常常要生病。normally:通常。I normally stay at home in the evening.晚上我通常在家。occasionally:偶然地。My brother and I occasionally visit our parents in the countryside.哥哥和我偶然去乡下看我们的父母。

15.D  take out:取出:带出。extract:取出;抽出。We’ll take our kids out for a meal next week.下周我们要带孩子出去吃饭。The nuts are crushed to extract the oil from them.胡桃压碎后就能取油。dig:挖。Thief escaped by digging an underground tunnel.盗贼是通过挖一条地道逃走的。draw:抽;取。The corrupt official drew a large sum of money from a bank before he left the country.腐败官员在离开时在一家银行取走了一大笔钱。pull:拉。Jack tried to pull the drawer open.杰克试图拉开抽屉。

 

词汇学习2:

1.A  spur:促进,激励。encourage跟它的意思相近:鼓励,促进。Public apathy encourages corruption in government.公众的冷漠助长政府的腐败。endanger:危及,危害。They claim that the herbicide they are using will not endanger human life.他们声称

www.ertong6.com ,他们使用的除草剂不会危害人们的生命。endorse:签名,批准。The application was endorsed by the committee.申请书已由委员会批准。enlarge:扩大,放大。The UN secretary-general yesterday recommended an enlarged peacekeeping force.昨天联合国秘书长提议扩大维和部队。

2.C  coverage:覆盖(的区域、范围)。此处指新闻报道的范围。reportage:新闻报道。注意:reportage在这个句子中可以替代coverage,但并不意味着任何时候都可以替换。baggage:行李(不可数)。a piece of baggage:一件行李。英国英语一般用luggage。orphanage:孤儿身份,孤儿院。usage:使用,用法。That phrase has gone out of usage.那短语已不为大家所用。

3.C  dimly昏暗地。lit:此处是light(照亮)的过去分词,也有人把它叫做形容词。a dimly lit lane:一条昏暗的胡同。faintly:暗淡地,微弱地,与dimly意思相近。Inadequately:不足。hardly:几乎不。I can hardly hear him.我几乎听不到他说话。sufficiently:充分地,足够地。

4.A  mildly:温和地;适度地。gently:温和地,有教养地。“I’m sorry to disturb you”,Mary said gently.玛丽有礼貌地说:“对不起,打扰你了。”shyly:害羞地;胆怯地。The children are smiling shyly.那些儿童腼腆地笑着。weakly:虚弱地,微弱地。She smiled weakly at the reporters.她对记者微笑。sweetly:舒适地;甜蜜地。The girl smiled sweetly at her friends.女孩对她的朋友笑得很甜蜜。

5.B  inevitable:不可避免的,必然要发生的。certain:肯定的,必然的,与inevitable意思相近。It is almost certain that the government will lose the next election.差不多可以肯定,政府在下届选举中要失败。strange:奇怪的。inconsistent:不一致的。proper:合适的,得体的。

6.A  isolated:孤立的,与世隔绝的。solitary跟它的意思比较接近:独居的,单个的。John has been living a solitary life.约翰一直过着独居的生活。又如:She was the most solitary person on earth.她是世界上最孤独的人。gloomy:阴郁的,忧闷的。She is feeling gloomy,so go and cheer her up.她感到忧闷,去安慰安慰她。feeble:虚弱的,无力的。a feeble old man:虚弱的老人。frugal:节俭的。

7.C  call off:停止,取消。cancel:取消。Why was the baseball game cancelled yesterday?为什么昨天的棒球比赛取消了?put off:推迟。They decided to put off the meeting until after Christmas.他们决定会议推迟到圣诞节后举行。end:结束。The government acted to end a bakers’ strike in the city.政府采取行动结束城里面包师傅的罢工。participate in:参加。Did you participate in the discussion?你参加讨论了吗?

8.C  make up one’s mind:打定主意,下定决心。又如:Susan has made up her mind that,come what may,she will stay with John.苏珊决心己下,不管发生什么事,都将跟约翰待在一起。decide:决定。He decided not to do that.他决定不干那件事。want:想。I can study any subject you want to.我能研究你想研究的任何一个课题。promise:许诺。You’ve got to promise me that you won’t do that again.你得答应我不再干那种事。agree:同意。They might not agree with his opinion.他们可能不同意他的意见。

9.B  now and then:时而,偶尔。occasionally:时而,偶尔。always:经常。We have always done it in this way.我们经常这么干。constantly:不断地。She is constantly changing her mind.她老是改变主意。注意:动词进行体跟constantly, always等表达“反复”意义的副词搭配时动词动作具有反复性。这种搭配表达说话人对某人的某种行为的不满,具有强烈的感情色彩。下面这句话是不带感情色彩的客观报道:She constantly changes her mind.她常常改变主意。regularly:经常地;定时地。We do meet now and then,but not regularly.我们确实偶尔见面,但不经常。

10.A  find fault with:找……的岔子,批评。criticize:批评。He seems to enjoy criticizing his colleagues.他似乎把批评他的同事看作是一种乐趣。praise:表扬。0ur guests praised the meal as the best they had had for years.我们的客人称赞这顿饭是他们多年来吃过的最好的一顿。evaluate:评估。The s

www.ertong6.com cientists are evaluating the data.科学家们正在评估数据。talk about:谈论。That’s all settled.It needn’t be talked about.此事已彻底解决,无需再淡了。

11.C  grasp:抓住。take hold of:抓住,控制住。Mother took hold of the barking dogs by their collars.母亲抓住了这些汪汪直叫的狗的颈圈,把它们制服了。understand:懂得,理解。I don’t understand your attitude at all.我一点也不理解你的态度。grasp也有“懂得”的意思,但在该句中不是这个意思。have a hold over:控制;对……有影响。The officer has kept a firm hold over the soldiers.那个军官一直紧紧地控制着士兵。leave hold of:放开。She left hold of his hand.她放开了他的手。

12.C  take…into consideration:把……考虑进去。take…into account:把……考虑进去。We must take local conditions into account.我们必须把地区性的条件考虑进去。thought:思想,考虑。This problem needs great thought.这个问题需要认真考虑。mind:脑子,心。Her mind is not entirely on her work.她的心不全在工作上。memory:记忆。The photograph evoked her happy memories.这张照片激起了她幸福的回忆。

13.A  tolerate:忍受。put up with:忍受。If I were you,I wouldn’t put up with his behavior any longer.如果我是你,我不会再忍受他的这种行为。accept:接受。I don’t think that they would accept my view.我认为他们不会接受我的观点。take有很多的意义。take action:采取行动,采取措施。The government has promised to take swift action on the energy crisis.政府许诺迅速采取措施解决能源危机。suffer from:受……之苦。He suffered from cold and hunger for some time.他一度饥寒交迫。

14.B  abandon:放弃。give up:放弃。She gave up her job to look after her sick mother.为了照顾有病的母亲,她放弃了工作。turn down:不接受。The company turned down the suggestion of shorter hours.公司否决了缩短工作时间的建议。refuse:拒绝,不接受。He refused bribe.他拒绝了贿赂。

15.C  lately:最近:近来。recently:最近;近来。I've only recently begun to learn English.我只是最近才开始学英语。lastly:最后。He gave many reasons for being late;lastly he said his car had broken down.他先是说了一大堆迟到的理由,最后还说他的车坏了。shortly:一会儿,不久。She kept a diary until shortly before her death.直到去世前不久她才停止记日记。immediately:马上,立即。I’ll answer his letter immediately.我会立即给他回信。

 

词汇学习3:

1.B  manual(手的:体力的)与physical(身体的;体力的)意思相近。Their physical strength was their pride.健壮的体魄是他们的骄傲。expressive:富于表情的。He had an expressive face.他有一张表情丰富的脸。exaggerated:夸张的。Everyone was listening to his vivid but exaggerated description of the event.每个人都在听他对事件的生动但夸张的描述。dubious:怀疑的。These goods are of dubious origin.这些东西的来路令人怀疑。manual gestures也可以说成hand gestures(手势)。

2.C  harness此处与utilise意思相近:利用。More efficient ways to utilise wind energy and tidal power are being studied.人们正在研究更有效地利用风能和潮汐能量的方法。convert:转换。A solar cell takes radiation from the sun and converts it into electricity.太阳能电池吸收太阳光线,并将其转成电。store:储存。We hope to be able to store solar energy in the summer months and use it in winter.我们希望能够在夏天把太阳能储存起来,在冬天使用。receive;接收,收到。I received a letter from my brother.我收到我弟弟的一封信。

3.B  resident:居民,住户。与occupant(居住者;占用者)意思相近。A l2-year-old boy and a dog were the sole occupants of the big hou

www.ertong6.com se.这所大房子里只住着一个十二岁的男孩和一条狗。manager:经理;管理人。All the managers agreed that this was a good idea.所有的经理都认为这是个好主意。landlord:房东;地主。The landlord doesn’t want to reduce the rent.房东不打算降低房租。caretaker:夜间看管空房子的人。You should inform the caretakers of the changes to the alarm system.你应该让守夜的人知道改变警报系统的事。

4.A  steadily:稳定地。在此句中有“稳步地,不断地”的意思,与continuously(不断地)意思相近。The volcano has been erupting continuously since March.这座火山自三月起一直在不断地喷发。quickly:迅速地。The boss wants us to finish the project more quickly than before.老扳要我们比以前更快地完成这个项目。excessively:过度地;过量地。He laughed excessively, making us question his sincerity.他笑得太过分了,使我们怀疑他的真诚。exceptionally:例外地。This October has been exceptionally wet.今年十月雨下得出奇地多。

5.D  remedy:治疗;补救。与cure(治疗)是近义词。Herbal medicine can be used to cure sleeplessness.草药可用来治疗失眠。disrupt:破坏;分裂。They made several attempts to disrupt our meetings.他们屡次试图破坏我们的集会。diagnose:诊断。Routine tests will diagnose the condition accurately.常规检查会准确地诊断病情。evaporate:蒸发;使脱水。Heat evaporates water.热使水蒸发。

6.B  draft:起草,设计。与formulate(制定)意思相近。We will formulate a policy that will promote rather than hinder peace.我们将制定一项促进和平而不是阻碍和平的政策。clarify:澄清。The committee asked him to clarify his points.委员会要他澄清他的观点。revise:修改,修订。Professor Jones twice asked Tom to revise his essay.琼斯教授两次要汤姆修改他的文章。contribute:贡献;起作用。Exchange of ideas contributes greatly to mutual understanding.交换看法大大有助于相互了解。

7.B  practically:几乎。与almost(几乎)是同义词。In Oxford Street you can buy almost anything.在牛津街你差不多什么都可以买到。simultaneously:同时地。She holds both views simultaneously.她同时持有这两种观点。absolutely:绝对地。Curing cancer to the current medical knowledge is absolutely impossible.就目前的医学知识来说,治愈癌症绝对不可能。basically:基本地。What he told the investigating committee was basically true.他对调查委员会所说的话基本属实。

8.C  occasionally与sometimes意思相近:有时,偶尔。I drink coffee only occasionally.我只是偶尔才喝咖啡。regularly:定期地,有规律地。The doctor told him to check his blood pressure regularly.大夫要他定期地查血压。accidentally:意外地,偶然地。I accidentally found the book I had been looking for.我偶然碰到我一直想要的书。successfully:成功地。We have completed the experiment successfully.我们成功地做完了实验。

9.D  try跟test意思相近:试,尝试。We are not ready to test the new design yet.我们尚未做好对新设计进行试验的准备。grow:成长;生长。It is a very peculiar experience to see one’s child grow.看着孩子长大,有一种独特的感受。wrap:包;包裹。He told the shop assistant not to wrap it yet;he wanted to examine it more closely.他告诉售货员先不要包起来,他要仔细看看。hide:藏:隐藏。He told the boss that he had nothing to hide.他对老板说他没有什么可隐瞒的。

10.B  rarely:很少,不常。seldom:很少,不常。She seldom showed her feelings.她很少流露她的感情。rarely和seldom是否定副词。放在句首时引起倒装。Rarely(or Seldom) have I heard such beautiful singing.我很少听到这么优美的歌声。continuously:连续不断地。The river flows continuously

www.ertong6.com along the frontier of the country.这条河沿着国家的边境绵绵不断地流着。usually:通常。Influenza usually breaks out in winter.流感常见于冬天。

11.A  readily:乐意地:迅速地。willingly:乐意地。If you don’t come willingly, I shall have to use force.如果你不是心甘情愿地来的话,我将不得不诉诸武力。suddenly:突然。Her expression suddenly altered.她的表情突然变了。firmly:坚固地,坚定地。The front door is locked and all the windows are firmly shut.前门锁着,并且所有的窗户都关得死死的。quickly:迅速地。Her heart began to beat very quickly.她的心脏开始非常迅速地跳动。

12.A  extract:取出;拔出。take out:取出;拔出。The dentist took out five of Mary’s teeth.牙医拔掉了玛丽的五颗牙。repair:补。The garage charged me forty dollars to repair the car.修车厂要了我40美元修车费。pull:拉。The horse is pulling a cart.马拉着车。pull out:拔。The dentist pulled out all her bad teeth.牙医拔掉了她所有的坏牙。dig:挖掘。We shall have to dig through the mountains to lay this pipe.为了铺设这条管道,我们得挖通这座大山。

13.D  shine:照亮,发光。polish:擦亮。Each morning he shaves and polishes his shoes.每天早晨,他都刮脸,擦鞋。lighten:发亮,照亮。The sky lightened after the rain ended.雨过天晴。clean:清除。He cleaned the dirt off the coat.他擦掉了外套上的污垢。wash:洗。He washed the dirt off the coat.他把外套上的污垢洗掉了。

14.A  decent:正派的。honest:诚实;正派。He is honest and never tells lies.他是个从不说谎的老实人。rich:富的。0ne of their aims in life is to get rich.他们生活中的一个目标是致富。good-looking:漂亮的。Mary noticed John because he was good-looking.约翰相貌英俊,引起了玛丽的注意。high-ranking:地位高的。He is a high-ranking army officer.他是一位高级陆军军官。

15.C  deadly:致命的。fatal:致命的。His illness was fatal to our plans,i.e.,cause them to fail.他生病后我们的计划就落空了。contagious:传染性的。Chicken pox is a contagious disease.水痘是一种传染病。serious:严重的。Doctors said that his conditions were serious but stable.医生说他的情况严重但还稳定。worrying:令人担心的。His conditions are worrying to us.他的情况令我们担忧。

 

词汇学习4:

1.A  insist on:坚持。与demand(要求;强求)意思比较接近。The Labour Party has demanded an explanation from the government.工党已要求政府作出解释。rely on:依靠。We have to rely on him for the tickets.我们不得不靠他搞票。prepare for:为……做准备。I have been preparing for the final exam.我一直在准备期末考试。create:产生;创建。His work created enormous interest in England.他的作品在英格兰引起很大关注。

2.D  damaging:有损害的。与harmful(有害的)意思相近。The rays of the sun,in excess,can be very harmful.过量的阳光可能会非常有害。slight:少量的。He has a slight German accent.他有一点德国口音。surprising:令人吃惊的。It was surprising that the little girl could answer this question.小女孩能回答这个问题,令人吃惊。sudden:突然的。There was a sudden drop in the temperature last night.昨夜气温突然下降。

3.B  seldom:很少;不常。与rarely(难得;不常)意思相近。I rarely get up early on Sundays.星期天我很少早起。crudely:粗糙地;粗野地。Everyone was dressed in crudely sewn shorts and shirts.人人都穿着缝制得很粗糙的短裤和衬衫。originally:原来;创造性地。I stayed longer than I had originally planned.我逗留的时问比原来

www.ertong6.com 计划的要长。symbolically:象征性地:The park was decorated symbolically.公园只是象征性地装点了一下。

4.A  speed:速度。与velocity(速度;快速)的意思相近。Scientists spent years studying the velocity of light.科学家们花了许多年研究光速。impulse:冲动。0n impulse,I went into the shop and bought this expensive watch.在一时冲动下,我走进商店,买下了这块昂贵的手表。ratio:比,比率。The ratio of pupils to teachers is 30 to 1.学生与教师之间的比例是30比1。atrocity:暴行。They were guilty of the most barbarous and inhuman atrocities.他们犯有最野蛮、最不人道的暴行。

5.A  physician:内科大夫。doctor:大夫。professor:教授。physicist:物理学家。resident:居民。

6.C  particularly和especially意思近似,表示“特别,尤其”。I like the country,especially in spring.尤其是春天,我特别喜欢农村。conventionally:传统地,常规地。People in the countryside still wear their hair short and dress conventionally.乡下人仍然留短发,穿传统的服装。obviously:明显地。inevitably:不可避免地。

7.D  safe和secure意思相近:安全的。She believes that her position is quite secure.她相信她的岗位是相当稳固的。clean:干净的。pretty:漂亮的。distant:远处的。

8.B  branch和division意思相近:分支,分支机构。He’s in charge of the State Department’s African Affairs Division.他管国务院(美国)非洲事务部。unity:整体,联合。embassy:使馆。invasion:入侵,侵略。

9.D  abnormal:不正常的。unusual:不平常的。He is a scholar of unusual ability.他是个有非凡才能的学者。bad:坏的,不好的。Smoking is certainly bad for your health.抽烟有害你的健康。frightening:令人害怕的。It was a very frightening experience but every one of us was courageous.这是一个令人害怕的经历,不过,我们每个人都很勇敢。repeated:重复性的。John apparently did not return the money, despite repeated reminders.尽管不断给约翰送去催单,显然他还没有还钱。

10.B  abundant:大量的,丰富的。plentiful:丰富的。Fish is plentiful in the lake.湖中有大量的鱼。steady:平稳的,持续的。A student doesn’t have a steady income.学生没有固定收入。extra:额外的。You’11 get extra pay for extra work.额外的工作,我们付额外的报酬。meager:很少,不足。Their food supply is meager.他们食品供应短缺。

11.A  accelerate:加快。step up:加快。Security is being stepped up to deal with the increase in violence.为了对付日益增长的暴力事件,安全工作正在加快。decrease:降低。Population growth is decreasing by l.4%each year.人口正以每年1.4%的速度下降。stop:停止。Her heart stopped three times.她的心脏三次停止跳动。control:控制。The federal government tried to control rising health-care cost.联邦政府试图控制日益增长的医疗费用。

12.C  accumulate:积累,积聚。collect:收集;积聚。Dust collected on the furniture.家具上积了灰尘。increase:增加。Japan’s industrial production increased by 20%last year.去年日本工业生产增长了20%。spread:展开:蔓延。Fire spread rapidly after a chemical truck exploded.一辆装载化学物品的卡车爆炸后,火势迅速蔓延。grow:增长,长满。The path grew with weeds.小径长满了野草。

13.A  allocate:分配;分派。assign:分配;指派。The company commander assigned me to stand guard.连长派我去站岗。persuade:劝说。They were eventually persuaded by the police to give themselves up.警察最终成功地说服了他们去投案自首。ask:请求。We asked her to sing.我们请求她唱歌。order:命令。The police ordered them to wait right there.警察命令他

www.ertong6.com 们就在那儿等着。

14.B  childish:幼稚的。immature:不成熟的。She is emotionally immature.她在情感上尚不成熟。simple:简单的。He lives a very simple life for a man who has become incredibly rich.对于一个已经令人难以置信的富裕的人来说,他的生活是极其简单的。beautiful:美丽。She is a very beautiful woman.她是一个非常美丽的女人。foolish:傻。She is being very foolish about it.在这件事上她很傻。注意该句和下句的区别:She is very foolish.她很傻。用一般现在时,说明傻是她的特征;用现在进行体,说明她在某个具体事情上犯傻,傻并非她的本质。

15.B  barren:贫瘠。bare:赤裸的,光秃的。That probably is the most bare and inhospitable island I’ve ever seen.那可能是我见过的最荒凉的、最不宜居住的岛屿了。hairless:没有毛发的。His body is smooth and hairless.他的躯体光溜溜的,并且不长毛。empty:空。The room is bare and empty.房间空荡荡的。bald:秃的。She is going bald.她日渐秃顶。

 

词汇学习5:

1.A  appalling表示条件之差使人感到吃惊。dreadful有类似的意义。如:My financial situation is dreadful.此句改用appalling也是可以的。bad,unpleasant和poor都可以跟condition搭配。因此可以说:They have been living under bad conditions for two years.They have been living under unpleasant conditions for two years.They have been living under poor conditions for two years.注意:appalling conditions蕴涵bad (或unpleasant或poor) conditions.但反向的蕴涵是不成立的。用句通俗的话说,是appalling conditions必定是bad (或unpleasant或poor)conditions,但是bad(或unpleasant或poor)conditions未必都是appalling conditions。也就是说,appalling跟bad,unpleasant和poor在意义上存在着明显的差别。注意:如果用 bad或poor替换appalling,生成的都是错误的句子。

2. B  anyhow的一种意思是:不管其他句子所说的,本命题为真。可以看出,该词用在该句中非常合适,因为I wasn’t qualified for the job really是“不管其他句子所说的”,I got it这个命题是真的。又如:I am coming anyhow, no matter what others say.其中的no matter what others say是说:不管其他人怎么说。I am coming这个命题是真的。anyway在绝大多数情况中表达的意义跟anyhow都相同,因而二者常可替换。anyhow有一种意思是后面所说的支持前面所说的,在这一种意思上,它等于besides.Mother certainly won’t let him stay with her and anyhow he wouldn’t.此处的anyhow可由besides替换。但练习题中的anyhow不是这个意思。anyhow也可用来结束会话,这也是well的一个功能。如:Anyhow, thanks a lot.Bye bye. 但练习题中的anyhow不是用来结束会话的,因而不能由well替换。

3.C  attain有通过努力取得了某种东西或达到某种状态的意思。如:He attained the position of minister.They were unable to attain their objectives.achieve的意思是通过努力取得或达到某种目标,意思跟attain很接近,因而可由后者替换。reached也有“达到”的意思,但它本身并不含“需要通过努力”,因而它不可替代achieved.下面举一个reach用法的例子:The process of political change in South Africa has reached the stage where it is irreversible.reap是“收获,获得”的意思。The painting depicted a group of peasants reaping a harvest of fruits and vegetables.You’ll soon begin to reap the benefits of being fitter.take也有“获得,取得”的意思,但它不能跟success搭配。

4.D  capability:能力,力量。又如:Now we have the capability of defending our country, all thanks to our own efforts.The country has the capability to defeat any aggressor.ability:能力,本领。From each according to his abilities,to each according to his work.ability和capability在意义上有相同的一面,因而在一定语境中可以互换。可以看出,ability和capability在搭配上是有差别的,前者只可跟to搭配,但后者既可跟to又可跟of搭配。二者的形容词分别是able和capable:I ought to be able to live on my salary.She was perfectly ca

www.ertong6.com pable of taking care of herself.注意:capable只能跟of而不能跟to搭配。不难看出,词的意义不决定句法结构。strength:力量:优点。Their military strength has gone down because their air force has proved to be an effective force.此句中的strength可由capacity替代而不改变句子的意义。possibility:可能性。

5.A  in conjunction with:共同。together with具有相同的意思,用together代入后,所生成的也是一个在语法上正确的句子。in succession:接连发生,不跟with,如:He had missed five dinners in succession.in alliance with:结盟。They are now in a position to govern the state in alliance with either the Free Democrats or the Green Party.in connection with:在……一起;相关。13 men were questioned in connection with the murder.

6.B  credible:可信的。convincing:可信的。That is the least convincing excuse that you could offer. convincing可替换credible而不改变句子的意义。workable:可行的,行得通的。Your plan is workable.practical:实际的,现实的。He is weak in practical matters.reliable:靠得住的。John is a reliable man.

7.C  diligent:勤奋的,努力的。hardworking:勤奋的,努力的。Jack was hardworking and energetic.ambitious:雄心勃勃的;有野心的。Chris is so ambitious,so determined to do it all.1azy:懒惰的。I was too lazy to read music.clever:聪明的。She is beautiful and clever.

8.D  diverse:多种多样的;不同的。varied:多种多样的;不同的。It is important that your diet is varied and balanced.colorful:多色的:绚丽的。People in this small town wear colorful clothes.attractive:迷人的;吸引人的。She is both attractive and intelligent.flexible:灵活的。My schedule is flexible.

9.A  faulty:有错误的;有毛病的。wrong:有错误的;有毛病的。Cheating is always wrong.ambiguous:歧义的:模棱两可的。This sentence is ambiguous.unclear:不清楚。His itinerary is still unclear.unbelievable:不可信的。I find it unbelievable that people can accept this sort of behavior.

10.C  gorgeous:好极了,壮丽的。lovely:可爱的;美丽的。The girl is lovely.ridiculous:可笑的。It was an absolutely ridiculous decision.magnificent:壮丽的;宏伟的。There is a magnificent country house near the river.peculiar:奇特的;奇怪的。This house is peculiar in lots of ways.这些词都可替换,所生成的句子在语法上都是正确的。相比之下,magnificent最接近gorgeous。

11.C  persist:坚持;持续。continue:持续。She continued the work day after day.insist:坚持;坚持主张。My family insisted that I should not give in,but stay and fight.persevere:坚持。Despite the failure of his early experiments,the scientist persevered in his research.resist:反抗;顶住。The nation was able to resist the invasion.insist和persist在意义上并不完全相同。insist缺乏“持续”这个义项。persevere也缺少“持续”这个义项。因此,正确的选择是continue。“坚持”与“持续”在意义上似乎很接近,但在语义上的差别是很明显的。“坚持”至少要求有生命的东西作主语,但“持续”就没有这个要求。

12.D  regulate:调整:控制。control:控制。She also had a temper, but she controlled it.fight:搏斗;战斗。More units to fight forest fires are planned.abolish:废除。The whole system should be abolished.remove:除去;消除。Most of her fears have been removed.

13.A  scatter:分散:散布;消散。separate:分散;分离。We didn’t separate until nightfall.flee:逃走;消失。The robbers tried to

www.ertong6.com flee,but they were caught.depart:离开;出发。We are ready to depart.spread:展开;散布。The rumour quickly spread through the village.spread与scatter有相同的义项——“散布”。但此处只能是“分散”的意思。

14.B  standpoint:立场;观点。point of view:观点;看法。The novel is shown from the girl’s point of view.position:位置;立场。The union may shift its position on the question.knowledge:知识。To my knowledge,he owns three houses,and he may own more.opinion:看法;意见。In my opinion,this book is the best book on the subject.虽然position也有“立场”的意思,但不能说from my position。同样地我们也不能说from my opinion。

1 5.C  touching:动人的;感人的。moving:动人的;感人的。The beggar told her such a moving story that she almost wept.inspiring:鼓舞人心的。He made all inspiring speech.boring:令人厌烦的。Not only are mothers not paid but also most of theft boring work is unnoticed.frightening:吓人的。He gave us a frightening,but believable account of his childhood.

 

词汇学习6:

1.B  immense:巨大的。enormous:巨大的。The expense of living is immense today.现

在生活的开支很大。Their losses were enormous.他们的损失巨大。much:许多。The students have given me much help.学生给了我许多帮助。little:小;少。The old man lived

in a little house in the woods.老人生活在树林中的一座小屋里。extensive:广泛的。They make extensive contacts with the Chinese people.他们跟中国人广泛接触。

 

2.A  accumulate:积累。build up:建立起。The old teacher has accumulated a lot of teaching experience.这位老教师积累了丰富的教学经验。We have built up a good reputation.我们建立起了很好的声誉。make up:编造。She made up a funny story to explain her absence.她编造了一个滑稽的故事,解释她为什么不来。Clear up:澄清。I'd like to clear up two or three points.我有两三点想澄清一下。

 

3.B  overtake:超过。pass:超过。Japan has overtaken Germany in industrial production.日本在工业生产方面已经超过了德国。The police car has passed the truck.警车已经超过了卡车。reach:到达。We reached our destination at midnight.我们午夜到达了目的地。lead:带。The blind man has a dog to lead him.这个盲人有条狗领他。

 

4.D  advisable:可取的。wise:聪明的。It is advisable that everyone save money for further education.为进一步接受教育而积点钱是可取的。No one is born wise.人不是生下来就聪明的。possible:可能的。It’s possible for you to take a night train.你搭乘夜车是可以的。profitable:有利可图的。The deal was quite profitable.这宗买卖是有利可图的。easy:容易。John is easy to please.使约翰高兴很容易。

 

5.B puzzle:迷。mystery:迷。His death has remained a puzzle.他怎么死的至今还是个迷。It was a mystery how the burglars got in.盗贼怎么进来的是个迷。problem:问题。We have lots of problems to solve.我们有许多问题要解决。question:问题。The clever student asked the teacher an extremely difficult question.那个聪明的学生问了老师一个极其难的问题。point:论点。The point that l want to make here and now is that Ph.D.dissertations must be original.此时此地我想要说的一点是博士论文必须是原创性

www.ertong6.com 的。

 

6.C  exhibit:显示。show:显示。The Chinese soldiers exhibited great bravery in that fierce battle.在那场激烈的战斗中,中国士兵表现出了极大的勇气。The commander showed his talent in defending this glorious city.司令官在保卫这座光荣的城市中表现出了他的才能。spread:伸展。The flyover spreads for a mile and is huge.这座立交桥延伸到一英里,非常巨大。open:开。The conference was opened on May l and closed on May 4.大会五月一日开幕的,五月四日闭幕。The police man examined the passport very carefully.警察仔细地察看了护照。

 

7.A  eternal:永久的。Everlasting:永久的。I simple can’t stand his eternal boasting,saying that he is a man of great importance.我简直无法忍受他的永不休止的自吹,把自己说成是个重要的人物。We’re all working for everlasting peace.我们都在为永久的和平而奋斗。Long:长的。I had a long conversation with him today.我今天跟他长谈了一次。monotonous:单调的。His report was very monotonous.他的报告很枯燥。lengthy:长的。The guest professor gave us a very lengthy lecture this afternoon.客座教授今天下午给我们作了一个很长的讲座。

 

8.A  depict:描写。describe:描写。This novel depicts the life of a traditional Chinese woman.这本小说描述了一个中国传统妇女的生活。The police woman asked her to describe the thief.那个女警察让她描述了那个盗贼。draw:画。The artist is drawing a picture of his home town.那个美术家在画他的家乡。write:写。The beginners are able to write simple sentences.初学者已经可以写简单旬了。introduce:介绍。Jack introduced Marry to John at the party.在聚会上杰克把玛丽介绍给了约翰。

 

9.D  operative:运作的。work:运作的。We have many radars operative.我们有许多雷达在运转着。The old theory doesn’t work.旧的理论已经不灵了。run:经营。She runs a small shop.她经营着一个小店。move:移动。The earth moves round the sun.地球绕着太阳转。rotate:转。The earth rotates round the sun.地球绕着太阳转。

 

10.C  wreck:毁坏。damage:毁坏。My car was completely wrecked in the accident.我

的车在车祸中完全毁坏了。Many temples were damaged in the war.许多寺庙在战争中毁坏了。shake:摇晃。The house shakes when a train goes by.火车开过时,房子会晃动。fall:倒下。The old building was falling to pieces.那座老建筑正在坍塌中。tremble:颤抖。The girl’s lips started to tremble and then she began to cry.女孩的嘴唇先是颤抖接着就哭了起来。

 

11.B  embody:显示;包含。include:包含。The new model embodies a few refinements.新的模型包含了一些改进之处。The plan includes many of your suggestions.该计划包含了许多你的建议。consist of:由……组成。This panel consists of several young professors.这个答辩委员会由几个年轻的教授组成。make up:组成……。This team is made up of several old professors.这个小组由几个老教授组成。mark:标志。His death marked the end of an era.他的死标志着一个时代的结束。

 

12.D  obscure:遮挡。prevent:挡住。If you stand there you’11 obscure our view of the race.如果你站在那里,你会挡住我们看赛跑的。The storm prevented an early departure.暴风雨阻碍了早离开。darken:变……黑暗。The bad news darkened th

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