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怎样巧记不规则动词

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怎样巧记不规则动词小学英语课堂,

(1)原形、过去式、过去分词相同:

  cast/ cost/ cut/ hit/ hurt/ let/ put/ broadcast/

  burst/ read/ red/ set/ shut/ spread/ thrust/ upset

  (2)原形、过去式相同,过去分词不同:

  beat/ beat/ beaten

  (3)原形、过去分词相同,过去式不同:

  come/ came/ come become/ became/ become

  run/ ran/ run overcome/ overcame/ overcome

  (4)原形不同,过去式,过去分词相同:

  feel/ felt/ felt sleep/ slept/ slept

  leave/ left/ left smell/ smelt/ smelt

  keep/ kept/ kept creep/ crept/ crept

  kneel/ knelt/ knelt sweep/ swept/ swept

  spell/ spelt/ spelt weep/ wept/ wept

  catch/ caught/ caught fight/ fought/ fought

  teach/ taught/ taught think/ thought/ thought

  stand/ stood/ stood lay/ laid/ laid

  understand/ understood/ understood pay/ paid/ paid

  bleed/ bled/ bled say/ said/ said

  feed/ fed/ fed stick/ stuck/ stuck

  lead/ led/ led strike/ struck/ struck

  meet/ met/ met tell/ told/ told

  learn/ learnt/ learnt sell/ sold/ sold

  learned/ learned win/ won/ won

  burn/ burnt/ burnt wind/ wound/ wound

  burned/ burned have(has)/ had/ had

  deal/ dealt/ dealt hear/ heard/ heard

  mean/ meant/ meant lean/ leant/ leant

  dream/ dreamt/ dreamt leaned/ leaned

  bend/ bent/ bent shine/ shone/ shone

  build/ built/ built shoot/ shot/ shot

  lend/ lent/ lent show/ showed/ shown

  spend/ spent/ spent / showed

  flee/ fled/ fled sit/ sat/ sat

  speed/ sped/ sped lose/ lost/ lost

  / speeded/ speeded dig/ dug/ dug

  spit/ spit/ spit hold/ held/ held

  / spat/ spat get/ got/ got(AmE gotten)

  bring/ brought/ brought find/ found/ found

  buy/ bought/ bought make/ made/ made

  light/ lit/ lit

  / lighted/ lighted

  (5)三者均不同:

  drive/ drove/ driven blow/ blew/ blown

  rise/ rose/ risen fly/ flew/ flown

  wake woke/ woken grow/ grew/ grown

  do/ did/ done know/ knew/ known

  go/ went/ gone throw/ threw/ thrown

  see/ saw/ seen prove/ proved/ proven

  eat/ ate/ eaten break/ broke/ broken

  fall/ fell/ fallen choose/ chose/ chosen

  give,gave given freeze/ froze/ frozen

  shake/ shook/ shaken speak/ spoke/ spoken

  take/ took/ taken steal/ stole/ stolen

  mistake/ mistook/ mistaken weave/ wove/ woven

  forbid/ forbad/ forbidden forget/ forgot/ forgotten

  begin/ began/ begun hide/ hid/ hidden

  drink/ drank/ drunk ride/ rode/ ridden

  ring/ rang/ rung swim/ swam/ swum

  sing/ sang/ sung write/ wrote/ written

  sink/ sank/ sunk wear/ wore/ worn

  (6)相同动词因其过去式、过去分词有两形式而产生不同词义:

  speed过去式、过去分词有两种:

  sped/ sped 快行 speeded/ speeded加速

  light过去式,过去分词有两种:

  lit/ lit 点着(表语) lighted/ lighted 供电,点燃的(定语)

  shine过去式、过去分词有两种:

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  shone/ shone/ 照耀 shined/ shined擦亮

  hang过去式、过去分词有两种:

  hung/ hung 悬挂 hanged/ hanged绞死

  (7)drunken,stricken,sunken已转为形容词常作定语

  a~ sot酒鬼 in a~manner摇摇晃晃地

  (8)lie躺卧lay/ lain/ lying(现在分词)

  lie 撒谎 lied/ lied/ lying

  lay 放,下蛋laid/ laid/ laying

  (9)come,become,overcome属不规则变化,但welcome属规则动词,其过去式、过去分词为:welcomed,welcomed

  (10)fly,blow不是规则变化,但flow(流)是规则变化,过去式、过去分词为flowed,flowed.

  (11) find发现 found found

  found 创建 founded founded

  wind 绕 wound wound

  wound 伤害 wounded wounded

  see 看见 saw seen

  saw 锯 sawed sawed

  bear 作“出生”, 过去分词有两种:born,borne,

  borne 用于have之后及带有by的被动句中;

  born用于be born in/ on/ at中。

作“出生”,以外意义,其形式为bear/ bore/ borne忍受。

 

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