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人教版PEP版小学英语语法要点及习题 名词复数规则

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人教版PEP版小学英语语法要点及习题 名词复数规则小学英语课堂,

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如: book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds
2.以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es,如: bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches
3. 以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如: family-families, strawberry-strawberries
4.         以“f或fe”结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,(但有一个特例:roof→roofs)。
如: knife-knives  leaf-leaves  wife-wives  thief-thieves  wolf-wolves
5.  以“o”结尾的单词,如果有生命,加-es;如果没有生命,加-s。
如:①有生命:potato-potatoes  tomato-tomatoes  mango-mangoes
hero-heroes  Negro- Negroes
②没生命:radio-radios  piano-pianos  photo-photos  zoo-zoos
6.  不规则名词的复数变化:
(一)完全不规则:
man-men
woman-women
policeman-policemen
policewoman-policewomen
mouse-mice
child-children
foot-feet
tooth-teeth
(二)单数复数词形相同:
fish-fish    sheep-sheep      deer-deer
people-people
Chinese-Chinese
Japanese-Japanese
 
小练习:
写出下列各词的复数
I _________him _________this ___________her ______
 
watch _______child _______photo ________diary ______
 
day________ foot________ book_______ dress ________
 
tooth_______ sheep ______box_______ strawberry _____
 
thief _______yo-yo ______ peach______ sandwich ______
 
man______ woman_______ paper_______    juice___________
 
water________ milk________ rice__________ tea__________

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