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小升初英语语法复习要点讲解和练习(一)

07-20 13:39:41| http://www.ertong6.com |小学六年级英语试卷|人气:106
小升初英语语法复习要点讲解和练习(一)小学六年级英语试卷,

一、名词复数规则

  1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds

  2.以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches

  3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries

  4.以“f或fe”结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives

  5.不规则名词复数:

  man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice

  child-children  foot-feet, tooth-teeth fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese,

  Japanese-Japanese

  写出下列各词的复数

  I _________him _________this ___________her ______ watch _______child _______photo ________diary ______day________ foot________ book_______ dress ________tooth_______ sheep ______box_______ strawberry _____thief _______yo-yo ______ peach______ sandwich ______man______ woman_______ paper_______    juice___________water________ milk________ rice__________ tea__________
二、 一般现在时

一般现在时基本用法介绍

【No. 1】一般现在时的功能

1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。

2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day.我每天六点起床。

3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。

一般现在时的构成

1. be动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。如:I am a boy.我是一个男孩。

2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。如:

We study English.我们学习英语。

当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。

一般现在时的变化

1.     be动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。

一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。如:-Are you a student?

      -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not.

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike?

2.行为动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。如: I don't like bread.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用doesn't构成否定句。如:He doesn't often play.

一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。如:

- Do you often play football?   - Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用does构成一般疑问句。如:

- Does she go to work by bike?   - Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:How does your father go to work?

三、动词+s的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

2.以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes

3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:study-studies

一般现在时用法专练:

一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数

drink ________ go _______ stay ________ make ________look _________ have_______ pass_______ carry ____come________   watch______ plant_______ fly ________study_______ brush________ do_________ teach_______

二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

1. He often ________(have) dinner at home.

2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One.

3. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday.

4. Nick _______(not go) to the zoo on Sunday.

5. ______ they ________(like) the World Cup?

6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays?

7. _______ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day?

8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays.

9. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening.

10. There ________(be) some water in the bottle.

11. Mike _______(like) cooking.

12. They _______(have) the same hobby.

13. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully.

14. You always _______(do) your homework well.

15. I _______(be) ill. I’m staying in bed.

16. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday.

17. Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE.

18. The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening.

19. Su Hai and Su Yang _______(have) eight lessons this term.

20. -What day _______(be) it today?

- It’s Saturday.

三、按照要求改写句子

  1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句) _____________________________

  2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)_______________________

  3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答)_________________________

  4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)________________

  5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)______________

  6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句)_____________________

  7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问)_______________________________

  8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问)_____________________________

  9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)____________________

  10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句)___________________________

  五、改错(划出错误的地方,将正确的写在横线上)

  1. Is your brother speak English?      __________________

  2. Does he likes going fishing?          __________________

  3. He likes play games after class.      __________________

  4. Mr. Wu teachs us English.             __________________

  5. She don’t do her homework on Sundays. _________________

四、现在进行时

  1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。

  2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为be+动词ing.

  3.现在进行时的否定句在be后加not。

  4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把be动词调到句首。

  5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为:

  疑问词不达意 + be + 主语 + 动词ing?

     但疑问词当主语时其结构为:

      疑问词不达意 + be + 动词ing?

动词加ing的变化规则

  1.一般情况下,直接加ing,如:cook-cooking

  2.以不发音的e结尾,去e加ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting

  3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing,如:run-running, stop-stopping

  现在进行时专项练习:

  一、写出下列动词的现在分词:

play________ run__________ swim _________make__________ go_________ like________   write________ _ski___________read________ have_________ sing   ________ dance_________put_________ see________ buy _________ love____________live_______ take_________ come ________   get_________stop_________ sit ________ begin________ shop___________

  二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空:

  1.The boy __________________ ( draw)a picture now.

  2. Listen .Some girls _______________ ( sing)in the classroom .

  3. My mother _________________ ( cook )some nice food   now.

  4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now?

  5. Look . They _______________( have) an English lesson .

  6.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now.

  7.Look! the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom .

  8.What is our granddaughter doing? She _________(listen ) to music.

     9. It’s    o’clock now. We _____________(have)supper now

  10.______Helen____________(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is .

三、句型转换:

1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句)

2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答)

3.I’m playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问)

4.Tom is reading books in his study . (对划线部分进行提问)

五、将来时理论及练习

  一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。

  二、基本结构:①be going to + do;

  ②will+ do.

  三、否定句:在be动词(am, is, are)l后加not或情态动词will后加not成won’t。

  例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon.

  四、一般疑问句: be或will提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第一二人称互换。

  例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. → Are you going to go on an outing this weekend?

  五、对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。

  1. 问人。Who 例如:I’m going to New York soon. →Who’s going to New York soon.

  2. 问干什么。What … do.例如: My father is going to watch a race with me this

  afternoon. →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.

  3. 问什么时候。When.例如:She’s going to go to bed at nine. →When is she going to bed?

  六、同义句:be going to = will

  I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow.

  填空。

  1.   我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

  I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends.

  I ________ have a picnic with my friends.

  2.   下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

  What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday?

  I _______ ______ _____ play basketball.

  What _________ you do next Monday? I ________ play basketball.

  3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

  _____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________?

  Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit.

  4. 你们打算什么时候见面。

  What time _______ you _________ __________ meet?

  改句子。

  5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)

  Nancy ________ going to go camping.

  6. I’ll go and join them.(改否定)

  I _______ go ______ join them.

  7. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句)

  ________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?

  8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句)

  _______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30.

  9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问)

  ________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school?

  10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上)

  _________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow.

  用所给词的适当形式填空。

  11. Today is a sunny day. We ___________________ (have) a picnic this afternoon.

  12. My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week.

  13. Tom often ______________(go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He ______________ (go) to school by bike.

  14. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually __________ (watch) TV and ____________(catch) insects?

  15. It’s Friday today. What _____she _________ (do) this weekend? She ______________ (watch) TV and _____________ (catch) insects.

  16. What ___________ (d0) you do last Sunday? I ____________ (pick) apples on a farm. What ______________ (do) next Sunday? I ______________ (milk) cows.

  17. Mary ____________ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.

  18. Liu Tao ____________ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday.

  19. David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday.

  20. I ________________ (plan) for my study now.

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