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小学英语语法及练习题(一)*

04-03 16:44:19| http://www.ertong6.com |小学六年级英语试卷|人气:561
小学英语语法及练习题(一)*小学六年级英语试卷,

小学英语语法及练习题

一、名词复数规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds

2.以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches

3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries

4.以“f或fe”结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives

5.不规则名词复数:

man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice

child-children

foot-feet,.tooth-teeth

fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese

写出下列各词的复数

I _________him _________this ___________her ______

watch _______child _______photo ________diary ______

day________ foot________ book_______ dress ________

tooth_______ sheep ______box_______ strawberry _____

thief _______yo-yo ______ peach______ sandwich ______

man______ woman_______ paper_______    juice___________

water________ milk________ rice__________ tea__________

二、一般现在时

一般现在时基本用法介绍

  【No. 1】一般现在时的功能

  1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。

  2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day.我每天六点起床。

  3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。

  一般现在时的构成

  1. be动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。如:

  I am a boy.我是一个男孩。

  2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。如:

  We study English.我们学习英语。

  当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。

  一般现在时的变化

  1. be动词的变化。

  否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。

  如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。

  一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。

  如:-Are you a student?

    -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not.

  特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike?

  2.行为动词的变化。

  否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。如:

  I don't like bread.

  当主语为第三人称单数时,要用doesn't构成否定句。如:

  He doesn't often play.

  一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。如:

  - Do you often play football?

  - Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

  当主语为第三人称单数时,要用does构成一般疑问句。如:

  - Does she go to work by bike?

  - Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.

  特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:How does your father go to work?

动词+s的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

2.以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes

3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:study-studies

一般现在时用法专练:

一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数

drink ________ go _______ stay ________ make ________

look _________ have_______ pass_______  carry ____

come________   watch______ plant_______ fly ________

study_______ brush________ do_________  teach_______

二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

1. He often ________(have) dinner at home.

2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One.

3. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday.

4. Nick _______(not go) to the zoo on Sunday.

5. ______ they ________(like) the World Cup?

6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays?

7. _______ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day?

8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays.

9. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening.

10. There ________(be) some water in the bottle.

11. Mike _______(like) cooking.

12. They _______(have) the same hobby.

13. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully.

14. You always _______(do) your homework well.

15. I _______(be) ill. I’m staying in bed.

16. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday.

17. Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE.

18. The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening.

19. Su Hai and Su Yang _______(have) eight lessons this term.

20.  -What day _______(be) it today?

- It’s Saturday.三、按照要求改写句子

1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

________________________________________________________

3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答)

___________________________

4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

___________________________________________________

5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)

_______________________________________________________

6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问)

________________________________________________________

8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问)

___________________________________________________

9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

________________________________________________________

10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

五、改错(划出错误的地方,将正确的写在横线上)

1. Is  your brother speak English?      __________________

2. Does he likes going fishing?          __________________

3. He likes play games after class.      __________________

4. Mr. Wu teachs us English.             __________________

5. She don’t do her homework on Sundays. _________________

三、现在进行时

1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。

2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为be+动词ing.

3.现在进行时的否定句在be后加not。

4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把be动词调到句首。

5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为:

疑问词不达意 + be + 主语 + 动词ing?

   但疑问词当主语时其结构为:

    疑问词不达意 + be + 动词ing?

动词加ing的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加ing,如:cook-cooking

2.以不发音的e结尾,去e加ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting

3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing,如:run-running, stop-stopping

现在进行时专项练习:

一、写出下列动词的现在分词:

play________ run__________ swim _________make__________

go_________ like________  write________ _ski___________

read________ have_________ sing  ________ dance_________

put_________ see________ buy _________ love____________

live_______ take_________ come ________  get_________

stop_________ sit ________ begin________ shop___________

二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空:

1.The boy __________________ ( draw)a picture now.

2. Listen .Some girls _______________ ( sing)in the classroom .

3. My mother _________________ ( cook )some nice food  now.

4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now?

5. Look . They _______________( have) an English lesson .

6.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now.

7.Look! the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom .

8.What is our granddaughter doing? She _________(listen ) to music.

  9. It’s  o’clock now. We _____________(have)supper now

10.______Helen____________(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is .

三、句型转换:

1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句)

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答)

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

3.I’m playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问)

_________________________________________________________________

4.Tom is reading books in his study . (对划线部分进行提问)

四、将来时理论及练习

一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。

二、基本结构:①be going to + do;

②will+ do.

三、否定句:在be动词(am, is, are)l后加not或情态动词will后加not成won’t。

例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon.

四、一般疑问句: be或will提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第一二人称互换。

例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. → Are you going to go on an outing this weekend?

五、对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。

1.      问人。Who 例如:I’m going to New York soon. →Who’s going to New York soon.

2.      问干什么。What … do.例如: My father is going to watch a race with me this  

afternoon. →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.

3.     问什么时候。When.例如:She’s going to go to bed at nine. →When is she going   

to bed?

六、同义句:be going to = will

I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow.

练习:

填空。

1.  我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends.

I ________ have a picnic with my friends.

2.  下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday? I _______ ______ _____ play basketball.

What _________ you do next Monday? I ________ play basketball.

3.        你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

_____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________?

Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit.

4.        你们打算什么时候见面。

What time _______ you _________ __________ meet?

改句子。

5.        Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)

Nancy ________ going to go camping.

6.        I’ll go and join them.(改否定)

I _______ go ______ join them.

7.        I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句)

________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?

8.        We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句)

_______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30.

9.        She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问)

________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school?

10.        My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上)

_________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow.

用所给词的适当形式填空。

11.        Today is a sunny day. We ___________________ (have) a picnic this afternoon.

12.        My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week.

13.        Tom often ______________(go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He ______________ (go) to school by bike.

14.        What do you usually do at weekends? I usually __________ (watch) TV and ____________(catch) insects?

15.        It’s Friday today. What _____she _________ (do) this weekend? She ______________ (watch) TV and _____________ (catch) insects.

16.        What ___________ (d0) you do last Sunday? I ____________ (pick) apples on a farm. What ______________ (do) next Sunday? I ______________ (milk) cows.

17.        Mary ____________ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.

18.        Liu Tao ____________ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday.

19.        David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday.

20.                            I ________________ (plan) for my study now

五、一般过去时

1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用。一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作感谢。

2.Be动词在一般过去时中的变化:

⑴am 和is在一般过去时中变为was。(was not=wasn’t)

⑵are在一般过去时中变为were。(were not=weren’t)

⑶带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在was或were后加not,一般疑问句把was或were调到句首。

3.句中没有be动词的一般过去时的句子

   否定句:didn’t +动词原形,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday.

   一般疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。

如:Did Jim go home yesterday?

   特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形?

如:        What did Jim do yesterday?

⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式?

如:Who went to home yesterday?

动词过去式变化规则:

1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked

2.结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted

3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped

4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied

5.不规则动词过去式:

 

am,is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, fly-flew, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, swim-swam, sit-sat

过去时练习

写出下列动词的过去式

isam_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________

drink_________ play_______ go________ make ________

does_________ dance________ worry________ ask _____

taste_________ eat__________ draw________ put ______

throw________ kick_________ pass_______ do  ________

Be动词的过去时练习(1)

Name ____________    No. ______ Date __________

一、        用be动词的适当形式填空

1.        I _______ at school just now.

2.        He ________ at the camp last week.

3.        We ________ students two years ago.

4.        They ________ on the farm a moment ago.

5.        Yang Ling ________ eleven years old last year.

6.        There ________ an apple on the plate yesterday.

7.        There ________ some milk in the fridge on Sunday.

8.        The mobile phone _______ on the sofa yesterday evening.

二、        句型转换

1. It was exciting.

  否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2. All the students were very excited.

  否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

3. They were in his pocket.

  否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

Be动词的过去时练习(2)

Name ____________    No. ______ Date __________

一、用be动词的适当形式填空

1.        I ______ an English teacher now.

2.        She _______ happy yesterday.

3.        They _______ glad to see each other last month.

4.        Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.

5.        The little dog _____ two years old this year.

6.        Look, there ________ lots of grapes here.

7.        There ________ a sign on the chair on Monday..

8.        Today _____ the second of June. Yesterday ______ the first of June. It _____ Children’s Day. All the students ______ very excited.

二、句型转换

1. There was a car in front of the house just now.

  否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

三、        中译英

1.我的故事书刚才还在手表旁边。

___________________________________________________________

2.他们的外套上个礼拜放在卧室里了。

___________________________________________________________

3.一会以前花园里有两只小鸟。

行为动词的过去时练习(1)

Name ____________    No. ______ Date __________

一、用行为动词的适当形式填空

1. He _________ (live) in Wuxi two years ago.

2. The cat ________ (eat) a bird last night.

3. We _______ (have) a party last Halloween.

4. Nancy ________ (pick) up oranges on the farm last week.

5. I ________ (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday.

6. They ________ (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson.

7. My mother _______ (cook) a nice food last Spring Festival.

8. The girls ________ (sing) and _______ (dance) at the party.

二、句型转换

1. Su Hai took some photos at the Sports day.

  否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2. Nancy went to school early.

  否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

3. We sang some English songs.

  否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

行为动词的过去时练习(2)

Name ____________    No. ______ Date __________

一、用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.

2. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.

3. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go)

4. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?

5. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.

6. Gao Shan _______ (pull) up carrots last National Day holiday.

7. I ____________ (sweep) the floor yesterday, but my mother ______.

8. What ______ she _______ (find) in the garden last morning? She __________ (find) a beautiful butterfly.

二、句型转换

1. They played football in the playground.

  否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

三、中译英

1. 格林先生去年住在中国。

________________________________________________________

2. 昨天我们参观了农场。

________________________________________________________

3. 他刚才在找他的手机。

________________________________________________________

过去时综合练习(1)

Name ____________    No. ______ Date __________

一、        用动词的适当形式填空

1. It ______ (be) Ben’s birthday last Friday.

2. We all ______ (have) a good time last night.

3. He ________ (jump) high on last Sports Day.

4. Helen ________ (milk) a cow on Friday.

5. She likes ______ newspapers, but she ______ a book yesterday. (read)

6. He _______ football now, but they _______ basketball just now. (play)

7. Jim’s mother _________ (plant) trees just now.

8. _______ they ________ (sweep) the floor on Sunday? No, they _____.

9. I _______ (watch) a cartoon on Monday.

10. We ___________ (go) to school on Sunday.

 

关键字:小学六年级英语试卷,六年级英语试卷分析,小学英语试卷